孔融， Kong Rong， (153–208) was a politician, scholar, and minor warlord of the late Han Dynasty period of Chinese history. He was also a 20th generation descendant of Kong Qiu (Confucius). (more info here)
A well-known story commonly used to educate children even nowadays on the values of courtesy and fraternal love involves a four-year-old Kong Rong giving up the larger pears to his older and younger brothers. This story, commonly known as “Kong Rong giving up pears” (孔融让梨).
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, there was a person called Kong Rong. He was very smart ever since he was a little boy. He had five older brothers and one younger brother.
One day his father bought some pears, picking one of the largest and giving it to Kong Rong deliberately. But Kong Rong shook his head and picked up the smallest one.
His dad was very curious, and asked: “Why?”
Kong Rong said: “I am younger, so I should eat the smaller pear, and brothers should eat the bigger ones.”
His dad was very glad after hearing his words, but asked further: “What about
your younger brother who is younger than you are?”
Kong Rong said: “I am older than him, so I should leave the bigger one to my