- We have learnt measure words 量词 ( 个 间 件 张 位 条 本 ) in one of the weekly activities before (here).
- A measure word 量词 ((liàng cí), also known as a classifier, is used along with numerals to define the quantity of a given object or with words such as “this” and “that” to identify specific objects. e.g.: 一张纸。(a piece of paper) 那张纸。(that paper) 那一张纸。(that piece of paper)
- In terms of measure words, the main difference between English and Chinese is that Chinese requires a measure word for most objects. In English, one can say “two books”. In Chinese, we do not say “两书”, but “两本书”. (本 is a measure word for book 书)
- However, when a noun is not counted or introduces with “this” or “that”, a measure word is not necessary. e.g. : We do not say “我的本书”, but “我的书”.
- Most nouns have one or more particular measure words associated with them. The usage depends on personal preference and dialects. e.g: For car, some people use 那辆车 and others may use 那部车 or 那台车 to mean three cars.
- Today we are going to learn a few more Chinese measure words : 只 把 部 门 道 所 起
|Measure Word||Pinyin||Main Uses||Example|
||boats, birds, some animals, some containers, and one of a pair||一只船 (boat)
一只眼睛 (one eye)
两只手 (two hands)
||bunches of things, for something with a handle, handful of||一把米 (a handful of rice)
一把年纪 (be getting on in years)
拉他一把 (give (or lend) him a hand))
||books and films, machines and vehicles, section or part||两部字典 (dictionary)
那部手机 (mobile phone)
||lessons, subjects of study, cannons, marriage, relatives||两门功课 (subject/course)
||long and narrow objects, doors, walls, orders, questions, courses in a meal, stages
in a procedure, etc.
万道金光 (golden rays)
两道泪痕 (tear streaks)
两道漆 (coat of paint)
四道菜 (courses in a meal)
||houses, schools, hospitals, etc.||一所房子 (house)
||case, instance, batch, group||一起交通意外 (traffic accident)